Categories. Baby & children Computers & electronics Entertainment & hobby Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup L2 originated in Western Africa but is nowadays spread across the entire continent. L2 movements were previously postulated to be related to the Bantu expansion, but L2 expansions eastwards probably occurred much earlier. By reconstructing the phylogeny of L2...

The characteristic West African haplogroups L1b, L2b,c,d, and L3b,d and West-Central African haplogroups L1c and L3e in particular occur at high frequencies among African Americans. As with the paternal DNA of African Americans, contributions from other parts of the continent to their maternal gene pool are insignificant. Nov 07, 2011 · Analysis of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation has been successfully used for reconstructing ancestral and modern human migrations. Most of the sub-Saharan African mtDNAs fall into one of the multiple subclades of macro haplogroup L (excluding M and N that derived from L3 and represent the branches from which the entire non-sub-Saharan mtDNA diversity arose). .

Phylogeography of the human mitochondrial L1c haplogroup: Genetic signatures of the prehistory of Central Africa Chiara Batini a, Valentina Coia a, Cinzia Battaggia a, Jorge Rocha b, Maya Metni Pilkington c, Gabriella Spedini a,e, David Comas d, Giovanni Destro-Bisol a,e,¤, Francesc Calafelld Jul 20, 2018 · Depends on one’s “cutoff line” for the phenotypic designation of black. It is safe to say that all the Nswt Bity (Pharaohs) prior to the Ptolemy Era were “black” including the Wester Asian Assyrian and Persian ones. Less than a century later the Portuguese 'Age of Discoveries' began and they made the first recorded landfalls on Madeira (c1419), the Azores (c1427), Cape Verdes (1456-60), St Helena and Ascension (1501-02), and Tristan da Cunha (c1506). Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488...

Y-DNA Haplogroups links Nordic and Germanic people to Arabs and Jews. By Mikkel Stjernholm Kragh . Haplogroups show that the original Nordic and Germanic stock genetically is closely related to Arabs and Jews.

This haplogroup is also found in many Jewish and non-Jewish individuals who do not have that last name. Hence such results are difficult to interpret. “…they call themselves the sons of Aaron, the first high priest, and so as I say, the Bible, through the Britain’s DNA project and other research is really beginning to come alive…”. In fact, the unique sharing of transition 16175, in L1b lineages, with Europeans, instead of Africans, suggests a more ancient arrival to Europe from Africa. The present day Priego sample is more similar to the current south Iberian population than to the medieval sample from the same area.

American Indian DNA Project - Y-DNA Classic Chart. For genealogy within the most recent fifteen generations, STR markers help define paternal lineages. Y-DNA STR markers change (mutate) often enough that most men who share the same STR results also share a recent paternal lineage. 与此同时,几乎所有在欧洲发现的G2b(L72 +,以前的G2c)都是阿什肯纳兹犹太人(Ashkenazi Jewish)。 事实上,从中东到巴基斯坦地区都能发现G2b的存在,这几乎可以肯定是来自伊朗西部的新石器时代农民的一个分支(2016年Broushaki等人在挖掘出的一个距今9,250年的 ...

Hide This November is the Wikipedia Asian Month. Come join us. Page semi-protected African Americans From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from African American) This article is about t… Hide This November is the Wikipedia Asian Month. Come join us. Page semi-protected African Americans From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from African American) This article is about t…

The earliest African-American congregations and churches were organized before 1800 in both northern and southern cities following the Great Awakening. By 1775, Africans made up 20% of the population in the American colonies, which made them the second largest ethnic group after the English. From the American Revolution to the Civil War A comment on the paper: Extended Y chromosome haplotypes resolve multiple and unique lineages of the Jewish Priesthood, Human Genetics, 2009c, 126 [in English]. Klyosov A.A. Ancient history of the Arbins, bearers of haplogroup R1b, from Central Asia to Europe, 16,000 to 1500 years before present, Advances in Anthropology, 2012, No. 2 [in English]. L1-mtdna. 375 members ... was formed to allow all L1 carriers to compare information and location details for obtain a better understanding of haplogroup L1. Haplogroup L is also found at moderate frequencies in North Africa. For example, the various Berber populations have frequencies of haplogroup L lineages that range from 3% to 45%. [14] [15].Haplogroup L has also been found at a small frequency of 2.2% in North African Jews from Morocco, Tunisia and Libya.

May 11, 2010 · Dating sub-Saharan admixture in North Africa From a paper published today in BMC Evolutionary Biology , "The trans-Saharan slave trade - clues from interpolation analyses and high-resolution characterization of mitochondrial DNA lineages": Only the haplogroup L2a is widespread within all regions of Africa, whereas haplogroups L1b, L3b1 and L3d are specific to West Africa.1 In Northwest Africa, haplogroup M1 has been found at high frequencies in Algerians, and at lower frequency in Tunisians, Mozabites and Morroccan Arabs, showing a slight east–west cline.34 Haplogroup M1 is ... Haplogroup diver- sity in the combined Ashkenazi sample, as well as for each community, is lower than that for either the European or Near Eastern non-Jewish populations (data not shown). The high frequency of Hg K among the Ashkenazi Jews contrasts with its much lower frequency ( B 6%) reported in both Near Eastern and European non-Jews.

Aug 28, 2013 · Interpretation of the mtDNA haplogroup I could also go in several directions, as our East European Karaites who carry it match with Sephardim and non-Jewish Middle Easterners as well as non-Jewish Europeans. Haplogroup I is present among ethnic groups of Europe, the Middle East, and South Asia. Dec 03, 2018 · Haplogroup R1b and J2 Quite a few ancient Mediterranean and Middle Eastern civilisations flourished in territories where J2 lineages were preponderant. This is the case of the Hattians, the Hurrians, the Etruscans, the Minoans, the Greeks, the Phoenicians (and their Carthaginian offshoot), the Israelites, and to a lower extent also the Romans ... 10 posts published by Yeye Akilimali Funua Olade and charismaallover in the year 2009 Dec 14, 2013 · The matches for her L1b are mostly in Lower Guinea/Nigeria, Igbo. My mother’s mtDNA is haplogroup X which is an interesting group found only in certain locations. Some believe it is the mtDNA from Atlantis. I get a kick out of reading the blogs on the X haplogroup.

Хронология ‹ Библиотека ‹ Ancient Western Eurasian DNA of the Copper and Bronze Ages

Haplogroup L2a (mtDNA) has notable frequencies of 22% among the Hebrew Affiliated Fulani of Nile Valley to Niger to The Gambia They are at least 70,000-111,100 B.P.

Trabzon Genetik http://www.blogger.com/profile/10504864922964234455 [email protected] Blogger 12 1 25 tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-1453966825670102271.post ...

This haplogroup is also found in many Jewish and non-Jewish individuals who do not have that last name. Hence such results are difficult to interpret. “…they call themselves the sons of Aaron, the first high priest, and so as I say, the Bible, through the Britain’s DNA project and other research is really beginning to come alive…”. Haplogroup L2a (mtDNA) has notable frequencies of 22% among the Hebrew Affiliated Fulani of Nile Valley to Niger to The Gambia They are at least 70,000-111,100 B.P.

Haplogroup R1b – Wikipedia. Haplogroup R1b- Eupedia. A major Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b Holocene era founder effect. R1b is the most common haplogroup in Western Europe, reaching over 80% of the population in Ireland, the Scottish Highlands, western Wales, the Atlantic fringe of France, the Basque country and Catalonia. Mar 31, 2013 · Our results show a clinal distribution of certain haplogroups, some of them more frequent in Western (H, HV0, L1b, L3b, U6) or Eastern populations (L0a, R0a, N1b, I, J) that might be the result of human migrations from the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, and Europe. Trabzon Genetik http://www.blogger.com/profile/10504864922964234455 [email protected] Blogger 12 1 25 tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-1453966825670102271.post ...

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup L1 subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation [PMID 18853457] and subsequent published research.

Aug 08, 2019 · The Druze also have a substantially lower percentage of Y-DNA haplogroup J1 (which has been found amongst the Bronze Age Sidonians as well as other Canaanite samples). The elevated amount of West Asian admixture is probably due to introgression from Isma3ili coreligionists from Syria (which is where the Druze faith initially took root and ... Feb 10, 2018 · Haplogroup J-M304, also known as J*, [Phylogenetics 1] is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. It is believed to have evolved in Western Asia . ref Possible time of origin 48,000 years ago ref and the main current subgroups J-M267 and J-M172, which now comprise between them almost all of the haplogroup’s descendant lineages, are both believed to have arisen very early, at least 10,000 years ago. University of Huddersfield Repository Al-Zahery, Nadia, Pala, Maria, Battaglia, Vincenza, Grugni, Viola, Hamod, Mohammed A, Hooshiar Kashani, Baharak, Olivieri, Anna, Torroni, Antonio, Santachiara-Benerecetti, Augusta S and Semino, Ornella In search of the genetic footprints of Sumerians: a survey of Y-chromosome and mtDNA variation in the Marsh Arabs of Iraq Original Citation Al-Zahery, Nadia ...

How long can you keep mashed potatoes in the fridge

May 20, 2010 · Concerning the origins and distribution of mtDNA haplogroup L3, Atkinson et. al. (2008) write: The youngest of the major haplogroups, L3, is most common in western and eastern/southeastern sub-Saharan Africa, particularly among speakers of the Bantu language family, and is thought to have originated in eastern Africa, where it accounts for half of all types (Salas et al. 2002). Обширное исследование Sengupta 2006 в котором была изучена Y-ДНК 728 индийцев и 176 пакистанцев выявило три субклада гаплогруппы L: L1-M76,M27 (ныне L1a1), L2-M317 (ныне L1b) и L3-M357 (ныне L1a2, L-1307 по yfull.com).

Dec 18, 2018 · Rewiring the Anxious Brain - Neuroplasticity and the Anxiety Cycle(Anxiety Skills #21) - Duration: 14:17. Therapy in a Nutshell Recommended for you

We live in Trabzon. Our grandparents can speak Pontic Greek. Are we of Greek origin? Yes, most probably you are of greek origin. Because of persecutions many Pontic Greeks were forced to change their religion or to forget their language.

If you also have been DNAPrint BioGeographical Ancestry DNA tested, please add your test results for that test into my separate DNAPrint Test Results Log for that test. Surname Project Admins may also contribute project haplotype mutation rate data to the Surname Projects YSTR Mutation Rate Log . It turns out, by comparison with the data of Vigilant (1990), that haplogroups L1a, L1b, L1c, and an unnamed haplogroup (within L3*) are readily identified individually by one to three positions. L1 is separated from L2 and L3 by a transition at np 247 (fig. 2), which is also evident from the data of Graven et al. (1995).

Jan 24, 2013 · But today, when my cousin asked me if a haplogroup follows the mitochondrial DNA, I decided it was time to talk about what a haplogroup is, a little history, and why we use them. And Shanen, thanks for asking! Think of a haplogroup as an ancestral clan, a large family, like the Celts, or Vikings.

Also, in the L1b* haplogroup there is a new haplotype with a mutation at np 16368. Molecular Diversity. The indexes of genetic diversity for all four Fulani samples are given in Table 2. The gene diversities reach values between 0.893 and 0.953 (for the merged population, 0.936). 12 Abstract of Dissertation Presented to the Graduate School of the University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements fo r the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy ANALYSES OF GENETIC DATA WITHIN AN INTERDISCIPLINARY FRAMEWORK TO INVESTIGATE RECENT HUMAN EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY AND COMPLEX DISEASE By Amy Non August 2010 Chair: Connie ...

Хронология ‹ Библиотека ‹ Ancient Western Eurasian DNA of the Copper and Bronze Ages

They are found towards the middle of this chart who showed up in our history with Aaron, who was a little older than Moses (1391-1271 BCE).  (see below), which is a little more than 3,000 years ago.   It's been found that most Cohens, people with this title as a surname, or actual Cohens serving in this capacity in the synagogue ... Aug 26, 2014 · Haplogroup L1b1a has an North West African migration. It is spread through out the Americas with African American and Hispanics in the Caribbean. This haplogroup L1b1a is also found in Europe in the European Population (Spain, France, Italy and Sardinia, Canary Islands etc..) The phylogeny of the 103 L1b mitogenomes is provided in Figure 2. Dec 03, 2018 · Haplogroup R1b and J2 Quite a few ancient Mediterranean and Middle Eastern civilisations flourished in territories where J2 lineages were preponderant. This is the case of the Hattians, the Hurrians, the Etruscans, the Minoans, the Greeks, the Phoenicians (and their Carthaginian offshoot), the Israelites, and to a lower extent also the Romans ... .

The Haplogroup website is dedicated to helping people learn about personal genealogy, minority population heritage, personal genomics, and DNA project administration best practices. Haplogroup finding your past through your genes. The diversity of this haplogroup attests to its long presence within Jewish populations at time frames that predate the Jewish Diaspora 25. The phylogeny of haplogroup R1b-M269 shows the presence of this haplogroup in various Jewish communities. The Ashkenazi samples clustered primarily with European R1b samples or created recently forming ...